Based on the 2010 United States Census, there are 1,194,337 households in the City of Chicago and 2,695,598 residents. The metropolitan area of Chicago has a population of 9,729,825. The state of Illinois has a population of 12,882,135 people, which means that more than half of the states’ population lives in Chicago and the Chicago metropolitan area. The city is particularly densely populated, with 11,841.8 people per square mile, which makes it one of the United States’ most densely populated city. The city’s land area is 227.63 square miles: it is a small portion of the vast state of Illinois, which has a land area of 55,518.93 square miles but only 231.1 persons per square mile.
As of the 2010 Census, 6,9% of Chicago’s population was five years old or younger, compared to 6,5% for the state of Illinois. Persons aged eighteen years or younger made up 23,1% in 2010, compared to 24,4% in Illinois as a whole. Seniors make up 10,3% of the population. Females are slightly more numerous than made as they make up 51,5% of the population. Between the 2010 Census and a 2013 estimate produced by the Census Bureau, the population of the city grew by 0,9%.
Chicago is much more ethnically diverse than the state of Illinois. The population of the city is 45,1% White, compared to 71,5% for the state of Illinois. The rest of Chicago’s population is made up of Black or African American with 32,9%, American Indian with 0.5%, Asians with 5,5% and 2,7% of the resident are of mixed race.
Between 2009 and 2013, 83,9% of Chicago’s residents had lived at their current residence for at least one year. In the same span of time, foreign-born persons made up 21% of the population. 35.8% of persons over five years old spoke a language other than English at home, compared to 22,3% for the state of Illinois. Out of the residents aged, 25 or older, 81,1% have a high school diploma or higher and 34,2% have a bachelor’s degree or higher. Between 2009 and 2013, the city had 91,958 veterans. In comparison, the state of Illinois had 727,919 veterans during the same period.
Workers aged 16 or higher travel an average of 33 minutes daily to reach their place of work. This doesn’t take into account the travel time necessary to go from their place of work back to their home. As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,194,337 housing units in the city and 45.3% of the residents were homeowners, which is 22% less than the ownership rate for the state of Illinois. Housing units in multi-unit structures (apartment, condos, etc.) make up 70,7% of all housing units in the city. Housing units which are occupied by their owner have a median value of $233,200. There are 2.58 persons per household in the city of Chicago, compared to 2.63 in the state of Illinois.
The per capita income is $28,436 in Chicago, compared to $29,666 in Illinois. The median household income is also lower in Chicago than it is in Illinois: $47,270 in Chicago and $56,797 in Illinois. Almost one-fourth of the population (22.6%) of Chicago lives below the poverty level: it is much less in Illinois, with 14.1%.
There are 255,502 businesses in the city of Chicago, 22,9% of which are owned by Black or African americans, 36,1% are owned by women and 8,7% are owned by Hispanics.